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Solar panels installation is the necessary process taken to ensure the successful installation of your solar panels. It’s just as easy as ordering for your solar kit and getting it installed with few days. Solar panels are pollution-free and it’s clean energy.

And just so you know, the energy of this 21st century has diverted from the old fashioned carbon-electricity to the carbon-free energy of solar technology which is an outstanding innovation to our energy system.

Installation of solar power is very simple but hard work to do if you don’t know the necessary steps to take. But before proceeding with the installation, you need to have the four main components of solar power which include: panels, inverter(s), racking, and solar battery storage unit(s).

Main components of solar installation

A polycrystalline solar panel

Panels: Solar panels are the most visible element of your system. That is why its the most familiar part of the system. They are, in essence, the “face” of solar power because when you look at the roofs down your streets. Its the only symbol that shows that a particular household uses solar to generate electricity.
Solar panels work by generating Dc current by trapping sunlight, or solar irradiation and stimulates electrons to move through solar cells that are in-built into the solar panels.

Inverters: inverter is another major part of any solar energy system. Their purpose is to convert the DC electricity that the solar panels produce into 240V AC electricity, which power we consume at home. we have power inverter that can be entirely electronic or maybe a combination of mechanical effects (such as a rotary apparatus) and electronic circuitry. we also have static inverters which do not use moving parts in the conversion process

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static inverter diagram

Racking/mounting: Racking/mounting is the third main component of a solar power system is the racking/mounting. This is what securely attach your solar panels to the rooftop. This is very important because when your solar panel is mount and not well tightened with a quality racker, Breeze or thunderstorm might likely pull-off your panel.

Batteries: Are used to store energy generated during the day which will be used throughout the night when the system is no longer generating power. The choice of what battery type to use depends on your appliance at home. Thus, while installing solar power in your home. Your agent needs to calculate the amount of power each appliance in the house consumes.

solar battery diagrm

How to install solar panels: five main steps


There are five major steps to a solar installation that your chosen solar company will generally follow:

  • Engineering site visit
  • Permits and documentation
  • Ordering equipment
  • Solar panel installation
  • Approval and interconnection

Engineering site visit

The first step to getting your solar system installation
After you sign your solar contract. The agent will come by your property to evaluate the electrical status of your home and ensure everything is compatible with your new energy system. In this visit the agent also evaluates your property to consider system size, roof type, angle of roof, shading, etc.

Ordering equipment

Choosing the panels and inverters and getting your solar panel installation date.
Now that you’re set up with the proper paperwork. your installer will be ready to supply the pieces of equipment you ordered for. At this point, the agent will show you all the main components.

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Solar panel installation

After the electrical wiring is complete. They will install racking to support your panels. “this is the only piece of equipment that will actually be attached to your roof”. Once the racking is level and safely attached, the panels are placed onto the racking. Finally, your inverter(s) are connected to the panels to convert direct current (DC) energy into the alternating current (AC) energy used in homes.

The timeline for the installation will range from one to two days. Which is completely dependent on the size of the system you are installing. One additional factor that can add time to your installation process is putting in a power meter for net metering. If your agent needs to add a power meter, this will add a few hours to your solar panel installation.

Approval and interconnection


The final step of going solar is “flipping the switch”. So to speak, and officially commencing to generate power from your rooftop. Finally, the verification of electrical wiring. this is to ensure that the overall installation meets standard electrical and roof setback codes. Congratulations, you can now enjoy the energy that you deserve. For more info on how to check the health of your solar battery. also, check the price of solar power in your area @energysage market

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